Christian Wedding Rituals and Customs in India

Christian Wedding Rituals

The Christian wedding in India is an enchanting blend of religious traditions and cultural customs. As Christianity has been present in India for centuries, wedding rituals have evolved to incorporate the rich tapestry of the country’s diverse cultures.

From the vibrant colors to the melodious hymns, a Christian wedding in India is a celebration of love, faith, and togetherness. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various rituals and customs observed during a Christian wedding in India, shedding light on their significance and beauty.

The Essence of an Indian Christian Wedding Rituals:

Indian Christian Wedding

A Christian wedding in India is more than just an exchange of vows; it is a spiritual covenant blessed by God. The wedding ceremony takes place in a church, beautifully adorned with flowers, candles, and decorative elements. The bride and groom, dressed in elegant white attire, stand before the altar, ready to embark on a lifelong journey of love and commitment.

1. The Significance of the White Wedding Dress

White Wedding Dress

The bride’s white wedding dress symbolizes purity, innocence, and a new beginning. It is a tradition deeply ingrained in Christian weddings worldwide and represents the bride’s devotion to her faith and her partner. The groom, too, dons formal attire, often opting for a black suit or tuxedo, signifying his readiness to embrace marital responsibilities.

2. Matchmaking in the Indian Christian for Wedding

Matchmaking in the Indian Christian community for weddings is a delicate process. The majority of Christians in India live in South India, North-East India, and certain regions of Konkani coastal districts. Matches are often arranged within the sects of Christianity to which either the bride or groom belongs. Roman Catholics, for example, prefer a match with a Roman Catholic household over a Protestant, Presbyterian, or Lutheran Christian. 

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3. Badalchen: An Official Announcement


After the established ideal match, there is a meeting stage in which the bride and groom get to know each other. If the two find each other suitable, they will make a formal proposal, usually from the groom’s side. In certain South Indian communities, this moment is marked with a discussion of dowry and the exchange of betel leaves and betel nuts. It is a ritual called ‘Badalchen’.

Pre-Wedding Rituals and Customs:

1. Sending Out Wedding Invitations


Before the wedding day, the couple sends out beautifully designed wedding invitations to their friends and family. These invitations not only carry the details of the wedding but also serve as a gesture of respect and love to the guests.

2. Engagement Ceremony: A Promise of Forever

The engagement ceremony marks the beginning of the wedding journey. It’s a formal declaration of the couple’s intent to marry. The couple exchange rings as a symbol of commitment. The elders bless the couple and friends cherish them.

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3. Bridal Shower: A Bachelorette Party

Bachelorette Party

The bridal shower, known as a “Hen Party” or “Bachelorette Party,” is a fun-filled gathering of the bride’s female friends and family. It is an occasion for the bride to celebrate her upcoming wedding and bond with her loved ones. Games, laughter, and heartfelt moments define this joyous event.

4. Roce Ceremony

It takes occurred in several Indian Christian communities, such as those in Goa and Konkan. The bride/groom is anointed with oil, and the participants, usually relatives, dip their forefinger in the oil and make the sign of the cross on the bride/groom’s forehead. Following the application of oil drops to the ears and head, coconut juice or roce is applied to the head, face, hands, and feet. The bride/groom is then washed in water.

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The Wedding Ceremony:

1. Walking Down the Aisle

the Aisle

As the wedding ceremony commences, the bride, accompanied by her father, gracefully walks down the aisle to meet her groom. This moment is filled with emotions as the bride’s father gives her away, symbolizing his blessing for her new life.

2. The Exchange of Vows

The Exchange of Vows

At the altar, the couple exchanges their heartfelt vows, promising to love, cherish, and support each other through all the ups and downs of life. These sacred vows form the foundation of their marital bond.

3. The Wedding Rings


The exchange of wedding rings is a significant part of the ceremony. The rings, often made of precious metals like gold, symbolize the eternity of love and commitment between the couple.

4. Hymns and Readings

Throughout the ceremony, hymns are sung, and religious readings are shared, adding a divine aura to the wedding. These hymns reflect the couple’s faith and devotion to God.

5. Lighting the Unity Candle

Unity Candle

A beautiful tradition observed in Christian wedding, the lighting of the unity candle represents the merging of two souls into one. The couple takes a single candle and, together, lights it as a symbol of their union.

6. Thali Kettu: The Nuptial Knot

In South Indian Christian wedding, the Thali Kettu ceremony holds great significance. The groom ties a sacred thread, known as the Thali, around the bride’s neck, symbolizing their marital bond. The couple’s families and close friends witness this ritual.

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7. Pronouncement and Blessings


The priest or minister pronounces the bride and the groom as the couple, and the guests rejoice with applause and cheers. Following this, the couple receives blessings from the priest and the congregation, signifying the community’s support and well wishes.

Post-Wedding Rituals and Customs:

1. Reception


After the wedding ceremony, the couple hosts a grand reception for their friends and family. It is a time of merriment, feasting, and dancing, where everyone gathers to celebrate the newlyweds’ union.

2. Cutting the Wedding Cake

A centerpiece of the wedding reception is the cutting of the wedding cake. The couple holds the knife together, cutting the cake as a symbol of their shared responsibilities and the sweetness of their love.

3. First Dance: A Magical Moment

First Dance

The couple’s first dance is a cherished moment. With the gentle sway of their bodies, they showcase their love and unity, captivating the hearts of all those present.

4. Throwing the Bouquet


As the evening unfolds, the bride tosses her bouquet into a crowd of single women. It is believed that the woman who catches the bouquet will be the next to get married, bringing an element of excitement and anticipation.


Christian wedding rituals and customs in India are a beautiful testament to the country’s cultural diversity and the couples’ deep-rooted faith. From the purity of the white wedding dress to the joyous celebrations at the reception, every element of these weddings holds significance and meaning. As love and togetherness unite, these weddings create lifelong memories and reinforce the bonds between families and communities. Christian wedding in India truly embody the essence of faith, tradition, and celebration.

  1. Are Christian weddings in India similar to those in the West?

    While Christian weddings in India share some similarities with Western weddings, they also incorporate unique cultural elements. The blending of Indian and Christian traditions makes these weddings truly distinct and vibrant.

  2.  Do Christian weddings in India follow a specific order of events?

    Yes, there is a general order of events followed in a Christian wedding in India. However, variations can occur based on regional customs and personal preferences.

  3. Are there any specific attire requirements for guests attending a Christian wedding in India?

    While there are no strict attire requirements, it is advisable for guests to dress modestly and elegantly. Women often opt for sarees or dresses, and men choose formal attire like suits or blazers.

  4. Can you incorporate traditional Indian rituals into a Christian wedding in India?

    Yes, many couples choose to infuse their Christian wedding with traditional Indian rituals, such as the exchange of garlands or the lighting of a traditional lamp. This adds a beautiful cultural touch to the ceremony.

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